John James Audubon (April 26, 1785-January 27, 1951) was born in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (modern-day Haiti) as Jean-Jacques Audubon. In 1803, he immigrated to the United States in flight of the Napoleonic Wars where he became fascinated with his natural surroundings and decided to pursue his early interest in birds and ornithology. He began a careful study of American birds, spurring his early experiments with bird-banding. Throughout his young life, Audubon amassed a collection of his own paintings and engraving plates of birds, and at the age of 41, decided to travel to England, where he gained instant attention. He soon raised enough money to publish Birds of America, his seminal work that inspired the Audubon Society to adopt him as their namesake. Audubon's careful studies of American wildlife have made him internationally renowned for his watercolors, pastels, and engravings.
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